🪐 Planetary Science

On rocky worlds, gas giants, icy moons and more.

Left: Venus as it would approximately look to the human eye, imaged by NASA’s Mariner 10 spacecraft (full globe view), Right: Radar image (false-color) of Venus’ surface taken by NASA’s Magellan orbiter (full globe view)

Solar system history 101

From the birth of the planets, moons and space rocks to how things are now.

Space science missions ISRO will launch in the near future

India's nascent space science program to get a much needed boost.

Chang’e 5 landing site: The volcanic complex of Rümker

China has returned Moon samples from a sweet scientific spot for their first sample return mission.

What are permanently shadowed regions on the Moon?

Why they don't get any sunlight and why explore them?

Ultimate guide to water on the Moon

Water ice on the lunar poles is central to exploration plans of space agencies worldwide.

India’s Shukrayaan orbiter to study Venus for over four years, launches in 2024

Shukrayaan will be the first mission to map Venus’ subsurface.

Why explore Neptune

This azure ice giant challenges our understanding of how planets form and offers a potentially habitable moon.

Are the Universe's smallest stars promising places for life?

When all sun-like stars die in few tens of billion years, planets orbiting red dwarf stars might be the only options for life to take root on.

How NASA and Chandrayaan discovered water on the Moon

And is there enough water to power space habitats? Chandrayaan 2 will find out.

What SOFIA’s discovery of water on the Moon is, and isn’t

Clearing misconceptions about the discovery and nature of water on the Moon.

Japan wants to sample Mars’ moon Phobos with its MMX mission

This is the first time the martian moons will be fully mapped, and samples brought to Earth from the martian system.

India’s Mars orbiter completes six years at the red planet, but where is the science

Hailed as India’s most successful space mission, Mangalyaan has a huge vacuum of science results.

Why explore asteroids, comets, and other small worlds

They're cosmic time capsules that provide a peek at our origin story.

Exploring the marvel that are mountains on the Moon

The near-instantaneously formed lunar mountains offer a peek into the Moon's interior and improve our understanding of the Solar System.

NASA’s MAVEN spacecraft revealed how Mars lost its atmosphere and water

What is the achilles’ heel of Mars? MAVEN found out.

The landing site of NASA Apollo 11

NASA chose the Apollo 11 landing site for engineering simplicity, but it had scientific benefits nevertheless.

How we got to know the Moon’s gravity is lumpy

Gravitational anomalies on the Moon have been crashing spacecraft since the 1960s.

Why explore Saturn and its moons

The crown jewel of our solar system has complex rings, diverse moons and possible life to find.

Why explore Venus

Earth’s sister planet warns us that planetary climates can change dramatically.

Why explore the Moon

On the immense scientific and exploratory value of our celestial neighbor.

ISRO’s Chandrayaan 2 orbiter is creating the highest resolution map of the Moon

The spacecraft is quantifying just how much water ice exists on the Moon’s poles.

Super Saturn – How does a planet maintain rings 200 times larger than Saturn’s?

Can such a massive ring system even exist?

The most extreme planets scientists have discovered in our galaxy

The discovery of these exoplanets defied what scientists considered possible.

How the Apollo missions transformed our understanding of the Moon’s origin

We need to go back to the Moon to know how it was made.

Is the solar system’s largest storm dying?

The Great Red Spot is 1.3-times as wide as Earth, and appears to be dwindling faster than expected.

Where does India’s first exoplanet discovery fit in?

K2–236b was discovered through a global, collaborative effort and can’t be celebrated as a completely indigenous one.


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